Mouthguards

Protecting your smile while playing sports is essential when you have braces.  Mouthguards help protect your teeth and gums from injury.  If you participate in basketball, boxing, hockey, football, gymnastics, lacrosse, martial arts, racquetball, rugby, track and field, skateboarding, skiing and snowboarding, skydiving, soccer, surfing, volleyball, water polo, weightlifting or wrestling, it is recommended by the American Association of Orthodontists that you wear a mouthguard.

Types of Mouthguards

Choosing the right mouthguard is essential. There are three basic types of mouthguards: the pre-made mouthguard (also known as “stock mouthguards), the "boil-and-bite" fitted mouthguard, and a custom-made mouthguard from your orthodontist or dentist. When you chose a mouthguard, be sure to pick one that is tear-resistant, comfortable,  well fitted for your mouth, easy to keep clean, and does not prevent you from breathing properly.

  1. Pre-made (Stock Mouthguards)
    These can be purchased at a sporting goods store.  These types of mouthguards are typically “one size fits all.” They tend to be bulky depending on the size of your mouth or appliance you may be wearing.  This type of mouthguard can be beneficial for patients wearing a “herbst appliance” as they can be trimmed to fit around your appliance.

  2. Boil and Bite Mouthguards Boil-and-bite mouthguards can be purchased at most sporting goods stores and are relatively inexpensive.  As your teeth move into proper alignment you will be able to re-boil and bite the mouthguard to fit around your brackets properly.  A mouthguard that does not fit proper may result in broken brackets.

    Here is a video on how to properly boil and bite a mouthguard when wearing braces. 

     

    Here is a helpful video on how to properly trim, a mouthguard for patients wearing a herbst appliance.

     

  3. Custom Made Mouthguards
    Custom-made mouthguards are specially designed by your orthodontist or dentist to provide optimal protection against mouth injuries.  If you wear braces or a retainer, it is imperative for you to wear a mouthguard during contact sports.  If you have questions about wearing a mouthguard, our orthodontic team can tell you how to choose the right mouthguard to protect your smile.

Taking care of your mouthguard

Similar to a retainer, braces, or any other special dental appliance, it is important to take care of your mouthguard by storing it properly and keeping it clean, as well as knowing when to replace your old mouthguard with a new one.  Here are a few simple ways to keep your mouthguard clean and working correctly:

  • Gently scrub your mouthguard after each use with a toothbrush and toothpaste.
  • Store your mouthguard in a protective case.
  • Do not leave your mouthguard in the sun or in hot water, because it may melt or become deformed.
  • Replace your mouthguard at the beginning of every new sports season. You should also replace your mouthguard if you notice it has become worn and no longer fits properly.
  • Do not wear a retainer with your mouthguard. If you wear braces, your dentist will help design a mouthguard to protect your teeth and your braces.
  • Do not chew on or cut pieces off of your mouthguard. Mouthguards come in different shapes and sizes; ask your dentist which is best for you.
  • Bring your mouthguard to each dental checkup, so your dentist can check to make sure it’s still in good shape!

Sports related injuries to the mouth and jaw are some of the most common injuries received by athletes. Below is an image of an actual patient of our office.  We cannot stress the use of mouthguards enough. Our goal is to help minimize your chances of a sports related injury to your smile.  Be sure to ask your doctor about mouthguards at your next appointment.


This is an actual patient of our office who was not wearing his mouth guard as suggested by our team. A week after we gave him a mouthguard for soccer he got a knee in the mouth. He obviously chose not to wear it for that game. Please don't let this be you.